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Title page for ETD etd-07152010-121624


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Schmitt, Christopher John Patrick
Author's Email Address cschmit1@alumni.nd.edu
URN etd-07152010-121624
Title Equilibrium Charge State Distributions of Low-Z Ions Incident on Thin Self-Supporting Foils
Degree Doctor of Philosophy
Department Physics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Jay A. LaVerne Committee Member
Philippe Collon Committee Member
Keywords
  • charge state distributions
  • equilbrium mean charge
Date of Defense 2010-07-02
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Equilibrium charge fractions have been measured for 3 - 7 MeV lithium, boron,and carbon ions passing through thin carbon foils. The data are compared to the predictions of several semi-empirical models of charge equilibrium in the ≤

1MeV/u regime. The current work underscores the general problem of extrapolating models developed for high-Z projectiles to ions of low-Z. The charge fractions for lithium, boron and carbon ions passing through thin foils of carbon, aluminum, copper, silver, and gold are compared with the mean charge of the projectile, the functional form of the charge distribution, and the distribution width. These are parameters used to examine the effects of the electronic

structure on charge exchange for various target-projectile combinations. Projectile shell structure is found to have a large influence on the widths of the charge state distribution and the data for these low-Z ions can be used to establish a baseline for more complicated electron systems encountered with ions of higher

Z. Experimental techniques and comments on the nature of the equilibrium charge states of low-Z ions are presented.

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